Cockroach Allergens and Asthma: What You Need to Know

Cockroaches are among the most common household pests worldwide. They are known for their ability to survive in different environments, including dirty and unhygienic places. However, many people don’t know that roaches can also trigger asthma attacks. This article discusses the allergens found in roaches, the risks they pose to asthmatics, and measures to control their infestation.

Allergens Found in Roaches

Roaches produce allergens that can trigger asthma attacks. These allergens are present in their saliva, feces, and body parts. When roaches infest a home, they leave behind fecal pellets, shed skins, and saliva that can contaminate the air. These allergens can remain suspended in the air for a long time and can be easily inhaled, causing an allergic reaction in people with asthma.

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), cockroach allergens are among the most common indoor allergens. The organization reports that up to 63% of homes in the United States have detectable levels of cockroach allergens.

Risks Posed to Asthmatics

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, making it difficult to breathe. When asthma patients come into contact with cockroach allergens, their airways can become inflamed, leading to an asthma attack. Symptoms of an asthma attack include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.

Children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of cockroach allergens. According to the AAFA, exposure to cockroach allergens during the first three years of life can increase the risk of developing asthma symptoms by as much as three times. Children who are already asthmatic can also experience more severe symptoms when exposed to cockroach allergens.

Measures to Control Roach Infestation

Controlling roach infestation is key to reducing the risks of asthma attacks. Here are some measures that can be taken:

1. Keep a Clean Home

Roaches thrive in dirty and unhygienic environments. Keeping a clean home is essential in preventing their infestation. This includes wiping down surfaces, vacuuming regularly, and storing food in airtight containers.

2. Seal Cracks and Crevices

Roaches can enter homes through cracks and crevices. Sealing these entry points can prevent their entry.

3. Use Baits and Traps

Roach baits and traps can be effective in reducing roach populations. However, they should be used cautiously, especially if children or pets are in the house.

4. Hire a Professional Extermination

If roach infestation is severe, it may be necessary to hire a professional exterminator. They have the knowledge and tools to eliminate roaches safely and effectively.


Roaches can pose a significant risk to people with asthma. Their allergens can trigger asthma attacks, making it difficult for asthmatics to breathe. Controlling roach infestation is essential in reducing the risks of asthma attacks. This includes keeping a clean home, sealing cracks and crevices, using baits and traps, and hiring a professional exterminator. By taking these measures, we can help to ensure that our homes are safe and healthy environments for everyone.

Looking for a reliable and effective solution to get rid of cockroaches in Birmingham, AL? Look no further than Magic City Pest Control! Our team of experienced professionals provides comprehensive pest control services to help you eliminate cockroaches and other pests from your home or business. Contact us today to get a quote and take the first step toward a pest-free environment.

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